Describe what changes you would need to make to your diet to better meet your recommendations for energy, macronutrients, and micronutrients.

Topic: Dietary analysis

Diet Analysis Project: Tables and Analysis Questions
Table 1. Energy and Macronutrients (10 pts)
Average Eaten Target
Energy       kcal xxxx
Carbohydrates (% of calories)       %       %
Total Fat (% of calories)       %       %
Protein (% of calories)       %       %
Dietary Fiber       g       g
Protein (grams)       g xxxx
Table 2. Micronutrients (40 pts)
Vitamin Average Eaten RDA/AI Mineral Average Eaten RDA/AI
Thiamine       mg       mg Calcium       mg       mg
Riboflavin       mg       mg Copper       mg       mg
Niacin       mg       mg Iron       mg       mg
Pantothenic Acid       mg       mg Magnesium       mg       mg
Vitamin B6       mg       mg Manganese       mg       mg
Vitamin B12       µg       µg Phosphorus       mg       mg
Folate       µg       µg Potassium       mg       mg
Vitamin A       IU       IU Selenium       µg       µg
Vitamin C       mg       mg Sodium       mg       mg
Vitamin D       IU       IU Zinc       mg       mg
Vitamin E       mg       mg
Vitamin K       µg       µg

Analysis:
Energy Balance
1. (10 pts) Cronometer uses the Mifflin-St Jeor equation for estimating energy expenditure (“Calories Burned”). How do the provided energy needs from Cronometer compare with the calories you consumed, on average, in Table 1? Are you in energy balance, positive energy balance, or negative energy balance based on the Mifflin-St Jeor estimate? Include the numeric values in your answer.

2. (15 pts) Calculate your energy needs using the Estimated Energy Requirements (EER) equation that you learned about in Chapter 11 of the text. You will need to convert your height and weight to the appropriate units. Be sure to include your work. How do your calculated energy needs compare with the calories you consumed, on average, in Table 1? Are you in energy balance, positive energy balance, or negative energy balance based on the EER estimate?

3. (5 pts) Compare the results of the Mifflin-St Jeor estimate and the EER equation from the text. Which do you feel more accurately represents your daily energy expenditure and why?

Macronutrient Intake
4. (10 pts) Looking at Table 1, compare your average percentage (%) of calories for carbohydrates, total fat, and protein with the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges (AMDRs) that you listed in the Target column? Include both your intake and the recommendations as part of your answer.

5. (10 pts) Calculate your RDA for protein in grams per day using the recommendations in Chapter 6 of the text. If you believe the RDA is not appropriate for you because you are an active individual, are pregnant, or are breastfeeding, use those recommendations instead (found in the Today’s Dietitian article of the Recommended Readings in Week 3 Learning Resources). Be sure to show your work. How does your average intake from protein in grams in Table 1 compare with your protein needs that you calculated?

6. (5 pts) Compare your fiber intake from Table 1 with the recommendation. Include both your intake and the recommendation as part of your answer.

Micronutrient Intake
7. (10 pts) Looking at Table 2, compare your average intake of the listed vitamins and minerals with the RDA/AIs for those nutrients. What vitamins and minerals are you lacking and what vitamins and minerals are you get plenty of?

8. (5 pts) Referencing your Nutrient Report screenshots, is average nutrient intake for any of the vitamins and minerals putting you at risk for toxicity? To determine this, review Tolerable Upper Limits (found at NIH ODS website: Tolerable Upper Limits) for any nutrients over 200% on your Nutrient Report.

Discussion
9. (50 pts) Describe what changes you would need to make to your diet to better meet your recommendations for energy, macronutrients, and micronutrients. Or, if you feel you are meeting the recommendations for any of these, then explain why you are meeting the recommendation. Be very specific! If you are lacking in a nutrient, what can you do to increase your intake of that nutrient and if you are getting too much of a nutrient and too much can be bad for you, what can you do to reduce your intake of that nutrient.
Use the information below to help you with the discussion. Also, make certain you use the rubric for the Discussion.

You need 3 separate paragraphs for the Discussion: Energy, Macronutrients, and Micronutrients>

Energy paragraph: Minimum of 150 words.

Explain specific changes to better meet your recommendations for energy; describe specific reasons for the changes. Include numeric values in your explanation.
Or
If no changes, explain the specific reasons you do not feel any changes for energy are required. Include numeric values in your explanation. Describe what factors could cause your status to change.

Macronutrients paragraph: Minimum of 150 words.

Explain specific changes to better meet your recommendation for macronutrients; describe specific reasons for the changes. Include numeric values in your explanation.
Or

If no changes, explain the specific reasons you do not feel any changes for macronutrients are required. Include numeric values in your explanation. Describe what could cause your status to change.

Micronutrients paragraph: Minimum of 150 words.
Explain specific changes to better meet your recommendations for micronutrients.; describe specific reasons for the changes. Include numeric values.
Or

If no changes, explain the specific reasons you do not feel any changes for macronutrients are required. Include numeric values in your explanation. Describe what could cause your status to change.

Describe what changes you would need to make to your diet to better meet your recommendations for energy, macronutrients, and micronutrients.