Module 2. Compare and contrast
“And when dawn broke, when it was already the feast day…. And all the men, the young seasoned warriors, were each as if diligently engaged, as if the content, in proceeding with the feast, in observing the feast, in order to make the Spaniards see it, to make them wonder at it, to show it to them… And when this was happening, when already the feast was being observed, when already there was dancing, when already there was singing, when already there was the song with dance, the singing resounded like waves breaking. When it was already time, when the moment was opportune for the Spaniards to slay them, thereupon they came forth. They were arrayed for battle. They came everywhere to block each of the ways leading out [and] leading in Quauhquiauac, Tecpantzinco, Acatl yiacapan, Tezcacoac. And when they had blocked them, they also remained everywhere. No one could go out.”
—The Florentine Codex (La Historia General de las Cosas de Nueva España), compiled by Bernardino de Sahagún, 1545–1590
“At this feast, more than 600 gentlemen and several lords joined together in the great temple; some said there were more than a thousand people of great reputation there. At night they made a lot of noise with their drums, shells, bugles, and hendidos, which sounded like a loud whistles. Preparing for their festival, they were naked, but covered with precious stones, pearls, necklaces, belts, bracelets, many jewels of gold, silver, and mother-of-pearl, wearing very rich feathers on their heads. They performed a dance called the mazeualiztli, which is called that because it comes from the word for farmer…. They danced in circles, holding hands, to the music of the singers, singing back and forth, songs in honor and praise of the god, whose feast it is, in hopes of the god’s favor for rain, corn, health, victory, peace, healthy children, or any other thing they may wish for or desire. While the Mexica gentlemen were dancing in the temple yard of Vitcilopuchtli, Pedro de Alvarado went there to see what they were doing…. Seeing how rich they were and wanting the gold the Indians were wearing, Alvarado covered each of the entrances with ten or twelve Spaniards and went inside with more than fifty Spaniards, and without remorse and lacking any Christian piety, they brutally stabbed and killed the Indians, and took what they were wearing.”
—The pleasant history of the conquest of West India, now called new Spayne achieved by the worthy Prince Hernando Cortes, Francisco López de Gómara, 1553
*** Using the excerpts above, in 1.5 pages please explain (Please follow MLA guidelines)
the important difference between Sahagún’s and Gómara’s interpretations of the causes of the Massacre in the Great Temple of Tenochtitlan.
Describe how ONE specific historical event, development, or circumstance from the period 1491–1607 that is not specifically mentioned in the excerpt could be used to support Sahagún’s interpretation.
Describe how ONE specific historical event, development, or circumstance from the period 1491–1607 that is not specifically mentioned in the excerpt could be used to support Gómara’s interpretation.